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The Greek Pantheon

I figured it’s about time we started talking about pantheons since your pantheon is usually one of the first things you think about when starting the Wiccan path. A pantheon is the origin of the gods and goddesses you worship. There’s Greek, Roman, Norse, Celtic, Egyptian, and many many more. Today I thought it would be good to start with Greek as it is my pantheon and so it is what I am most familiar with. I obviously will not be able to account for all gods and goddess but I will include the main ones and any other I deem important in my craft.

Gods

Zeus: So this is the ruler of Olympus. He is the God of the sky, thunder/lightning. He is the wife of Hera. His symbol is the thunderbolt. His sacred animals are the eagle, wolf, and woodpecker. He is the father of many other deities as he was very adulterous.

Poseidon: He is Zeus’ brother and is the ruler of the sea. He was the god of the sea, earthquakes, storms, and horses. His symbol is the trident and his sacred animals are fish, dolphin, horse, and bull. He was often worshipped at a fertility God.

Hades: This is Zeus’ and Poseidon’s brother. He is the ruler of the underworld. His symbols are cerberus, drinking horn, and Cypress. He is known for abducting Persephone and making her his wife.

Ares: He is the son of Zeus and Hera. He is the God of war. His symbols are the spear, helmet, chariot, and flaming torch. His sacred animals are the dog, vulture, and Boar. He was known for being the lover of Aphrodite. He was the father of the Amazons.

Apollo: He is the son of Zeus and Leto. He is the twin brother of Artemis. He is the God of  music, poetry, art, oracles, archery, plague, medicine, sun, light, and knowledge. His symbols are the lyre, laurel wreath, bow, and arrows. His scared animals are the python, raven, wolf, swan, and dolphin.

Dionysus: He is the son of Zeus and Semele. He is the God of grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, religious ecstasy and theatre. His symbols are thyrsus, grapevine, and leopard skin. His sacred animals were the panther and the cheetah. He was considered one of the supreme rulers of the earth.

Hermes: He is the son of Zeus and Maia. He is the God of trade, thieves, travellers, sports, athletes, shepherds, land travel, and literature, and border crossings. His symbols are talaria, caduceus, and the lyre. His sacred animals are the tortoise and he rooster. He was the messenger of the Gods. He was considered the patron of poetry and brought the souls to the underworld. He was the only one other than Hades and Persephone that was allowed to come and go from the underworld without consequence.

Pan: He is the nature, wooded areas, pasturelands, and agriculture. He is a satyr. His symbols is reeds, and the pan flute. I consider him to be my patron.

Goddesses

Hera: She is the Queen of the Gods. She is the goddess of marriage, women, birth, and the Heavens. She is married to Zeus. Her symbols are diadem, scepter, and pomegranate. Her sacred animals are the peacock and cow.

Athena: She is the daughter of Zeus. She is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. Her symbols are olive trees, aegis, armor, helmets, spears, gorgoneion. Her sacred animals are owls and snakes. She is said to have been born from Zeus’s head full grown and in armor.

Aphrodite: She is thought to be born from the foam in the waters of paphos due to Cronus throwing his slewn father’s (Uranus) genitals into the sea. She is the goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation. She is also the wife of Hephaestus. Her symbols are the rose, scallop shell, girdle, and mirror. Her sacred animals are dolphins, myrtle, dove, sparrow, and swan.

Artemis: She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto. She is the twin sister of Apollo. She is the goddess of the hunt, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, forests and hills, the moon, archery, and virginity. She is also the protector of women and children. Her symbols are the bow and arrow, and the moon. Her sacred animals are stags, hunting dogs, bears, and deer.

Demeter: She is the goddess of agriculture, fertility, sacred law, and the harvest. Her symbols are the cornucopia, wheat, the torch, and bread. Demeter is the mother of Persephone. When Persephone was found to be tethered to the underworld after her abduction Persephone was granted to ability to be up on earth with her month 4 months of the year. You can see this in the seasons. In the spring demeter is looking forward to seeing her daughter, in the summer her daughter is there, in the fall and winter Demeter is missing her daughter more and more.

Gaia: She is the primordial earth, the mother goddess. She is the goddess of the earth, mother earth if you will. She is the mother of the titans. She is my matron.

Hecate: She is the goddess of magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts, and necromancy. Her symbols are torches, keys, and crossroads. Her sacred animals are black dogs and polecats.

I’ve always felt deeply connected with the greek pantheon. I remember reading Percy Jackson and the Olympians and wishing I could believe in the gods and goddess the book talked about and now here I am.

I hope you guys enjoyed today’s post. If you have any thoughts or questions please feel free to leave them in the comments. What pantheon should I talk about next? Also make sure to subscribe so you get notifications when I post. Thanks for reading and until next time Merry Meet and Blessed Be.

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